Communities

GLOBE COMMUNITIES include the developing nations where loans are destined, the University community in which the program is lodged, and civil society with whom we share common interests and values in creating positive and transformative change in the world.

International Projects

Democratic Republic of the Congo flag

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is located in Central Africa, Northeast of Angola. The climate is tropical in the river basin and cooler and drier in the southern highlands.   Natural resources include cobalt, copper, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, and timber. The government is a republic and has based its civil law on Belgian law. DRC declared independence on June 30, 1960. The Congo has a population of 75,507,308 people and is ranked 19 in comparison with the world. The languages spoken are French, Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, and Tshiluba. The main industries in The Congo are mining, mineral processing, consumer products, cement, and commercial ship repair.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$66.01 billion (2016 est.)
$26.53 billion (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 101
*Data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$800 (2016 est.)
$400 (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 227

Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 971.6 Congolese Francs (CDF)

Inflation:
1.6% (2016 est.)
1.2% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line:
63% (2012 est.)

Environment:
Current issues: poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching; mining of minerals (coltan - a mineral used in creating capacitors, diamonds, and gold) causing environmental damage

Infant Mortality Rate:
Total: 69.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 73.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 66.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 12​ 

Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 57.3 years
Male: 55.8 years
Female: 58.9 years (2016 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 207​

Total Fertility Rate:
4.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 203

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 63.8%
Male: 78.1%
Female: 50% (2015 est.)

Kenya flag

Kenya is located in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in interior sections. Some natural hazards are recurring drought and flooding during rainy seasons. Natural resources include limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, and hydropower. The government is a republic. Kenya declared independence from the UK on December 12, 1963. Kenya has population of 44,037,656 people and is ranked 31 in comparison with the world according to July 2013 estimates. One thing to note is that this total takes into account the mortality rates due to AIDS. The languages are broken down in the following manner: English (official), Kiswahili (official), and numerous indigenous languages. The most popular industries are small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, and tourism. According to a 2000 estimate, 50% of the population is below the poverty line.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$76.07 billion (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 84
*Data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$1,800 (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 198


Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 86.25 Kenyan Shillings (KES)

Environment:
Current issues: water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

Infant Mortality Rate:
Total: 42.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 51
Male: 46.89 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 37.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)


Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 63.29 years
Country comparison to the world: 180
Male: 61.84 years
Female: 64.77 years (2013 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:
3.76 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 43


Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 87.4%
Male: 90.6%
Female: 84.2% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate:
40% (2008 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 187

Nicaragua flag

Nicaragua is located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. The government is a republic. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821. Nicaragua’s total population is 5,788,531 according to a July 2013 estimate.  The languages spoken in the country are Spanish, Miskito, and others. It has a tropical climate in the lowlands but is cooler in the highlands. Natural hazards consist of destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and the country is extremely susceptible to hurricanes. Nicaragua has natural resources of gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, and fish. 46% of Nicaragua’s citizens are below the poverty line according to a 2005 estimate.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$20.04 billion (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 40
*Data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,300 (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 174

Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 24.35 Nicaraguan Cordobas (NIO)

Environment:
Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

Infant Mortality Rate:
Total: 21.09 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 87
Male: 24.19 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 17.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)


Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 72.45 years
Country comparison to the world: 131
Male: 70.31 years
Female: 74.68 years (2013 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:
2.03 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 125

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 67.5%
Male: 67.2%
Female: 67.8% (2007 est.)

Unemployment rate:
8.6% (2006 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 115

Nigeria flag

Nigeria is located in western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. The climate varies with altitude; equatorial in the south, tropical in the center, and arid in the north. Natural resources include natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, and arable land. Natural hazards consist of periodic droughts and flooding. The government is a federal republic. Nigeria declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country with a total population of 174,507,539 which is ranked 7th worldwide. Languages include English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), and Fulani. Industries in Nigeria primarily focus on the production of crude oil, coal, tin, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, and small commercial ship construction and repair. As of 2010, it is estimated that 70% of Nigeria’s population is below the poverty line.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$450.5 billion (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 31
*Data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$2,700 (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 181

Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 159.8 Nigerian Naira (NGN)

Environment:
Current issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Infant Mortality Rate:
Total: 72.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 15
Male: 77.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 67.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 52.46 years
Country comparison to the world: 211
Male: 49.35 years
Female: 55.77 years (2013 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:
5.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 13


Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 61.3%
Male: 72.1%
Female: 50.4% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate:
23.9% (2011 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 171

Vietnam flag

Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia. The climate is tropical in the south. In the north, from May to September, it is monsoonal with a hot, rainy season; and from October to March, it is a dry season. Natural resources include phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, and hydropower. The government is currently in a communist state. Vietnam declared independence from France on September 2, 1945. The population of Vietnam is 92,477,857 people and it is ranked 14 in comparison with the world according to July 2013 estimates. There is currently 14.5% of the population below the poverty line. The languages are broken down in the following manner: Vietnamese (official language), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian). The most popular industries are food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, coal, steel, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, and mobile phones.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$320.1 billion (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 40
*Data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,500 (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 169

Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 21,035 Vietnamese Dongs (VND)

Environment:
Current issues: logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

Infant Mortality Rate:
Total: 19.61 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 95
Male: 19.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 19.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)


Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 72.65 years
Country comparison to the world: 130
Male: 70.2 years
Female: 75.4 years (2013 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:
1.87 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 143

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 94%
Male: 96.1%
Female: 92% (2007 est.)

Unemployment rate:
4.6% (2004 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 135

Vietnam flag

The Philippine archipelago, made up of 7,107 islands, is located in Southeast Asia. The nation experiences a tropical marine climate with monsoons in the northeast from November to April and monsoons in the southwest from May to October. Natural resources include timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, and copper. Natural hazards include typhoons, landslides, active volcanoes, destructive earthquakes, and tsunamis. The nation’s population is 102,624,209 (according to July 2016 estimates). Languages spoken include Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English, along with eight major dialects.

Environment:
Current issues: uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding ground

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$801.9 billion (2016 est.)
$753.7 billion (2015 est.)
$711.6 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 30

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$7,700 (2016 est.)
$7,400 (2015 est.)
$7,100 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 154

Currency:
Philippine pesos (PHP) per US dollar - 47.08 (2016 est.)

Inflation:
1.7% (2016 est.)
1.3% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101

Population below poverty line: 25.2% (2012 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:
total: 21.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78

Life Expectancy at Birth:
total population: 69.2 years
male: 65.7 years
female: 72.9 years (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161

Total Fertility Rate:
3.06 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56

Drinking Water Source:
improved:
urban: 93.7% of population
rural: 90.3% of population
total: 91.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.3% of population
rural: 9.7% of population
total: 8.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 77.9% of population
rural: 70.8% of population
total: 73.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 22.1% of population
rural: 29.2% of population
total: 26.1% of population (2015 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.3%
male: 95.8%
female: 96.8% (2015 est.)

GLOBE Guatemala Flag

Guatemala is located in Central America,bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize. The government is a presidential republic. Guatemala gained independence from Spain in 1821. Guatemala’s total population is 16,581,273 according to a July 2018 estimate.  The official language of Guatemala is Spanish,and in 2003 the Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinka, and Garifuna. It has a tropical climate in the lowlands but is cooler in the highlands. Guatemala is one of the countries along the Ring of Fire, a belt of active volcanoes and earthquake epicenters bordering the Pacific Ocean; up to 90% of the world's earthquakes and some 75% of the world's volcanoes occur within the Ring of Fire. Nicaragua has natural resources of petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, and hydropower. 59.3% of Nicaragua’s citizens are below the poverty line according to a 2014 estimate.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$138.1 billion (2017 est.)

$134.4 billion (2016 est.)

$130.4 billion (2015 est.)

Note: data are in 2017 dollars

Country comparison to the world: 77


GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,200 (2017 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 150


Currency:
1 United States Dollar = 7.323 Guatamalan Quetzales (GTQ)

Environment:
Current issues: volcanoes; deforestation in the Peten rainforest; soil erosion; water pollution

Infant Mortality Rate:
total: 23.3 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 25.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 20.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70


Life Expectancy at Birth:
total population: 71.8 years

male: 69.8 years

female: 73.9 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 149


Total Fertility Rate:  2.87 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 58


Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

Total population: 81.5%

Male: 87.4%

Female: 76.3% (2015 est.)

Unemployment rate:
Total: 5%

Male: 3.7%

Female: 8% (2017 Est.)

Country Comparison to the World: 164