Ph. D., 1991, Free University Berlin (Germany), History
M.A., 1984, Free University Berlin, History and Economics
B.S. in Foreign Service, 1976, Georgetown University, History and Diplomacy
Areas of Specialization
Social and cultural history of Europe, visual culture and popular culture of the Cold War, technology in the two Germanys since 1945, the G.D.R. (East Germany, 1945-1990), cultural history of technology in Germany, elites, the wealthy in modern Germany
“Bürgertum als Kultur: Überlegungen zu einem deutsch-amerikanischen Vergleich,” invited talk given on October 28, 2007 at the conference "Bürgertum und Bürgerlichkeit im 20. Jahrhundert in internationaler Perspektive," conference held at the cloister Loccum (near Hannover, Germany) and organized by professors of the Universities of Hannover and Oldenburg as part of a new research program “Bourgeoisie.”
“Red Prometheus: Dictatorship and Industrial Technology in East Germany,” talk given on October 20, 2007 at the annual meeting of SHOT (Society for the History of Technology), Washington, D.C. as part of panel, “Revisiting Debates on Dictatorship and Technology,” organized by myself.
“Red Prometheus: Technological Utopias and Realities in the GDR in the Context of East-West Rivalries,” talk given on October 5, 2007 at the annual meeting of the GSA (German Studies Association), San Diego, California, as part of panel, “Competing Cultures: Consumption, Pop Culture, Technology and Social Policy in East and West Germany,” organized by myself.
“Confronting Nuclear Holocaust, Confronting Nuclear Power: East and West German Reactions in Transnational Space,” talk presented at the joint meeting of EUROCORES (launching their “Inventing Europe” program) and the European Science Foundation’s Tensions of Europe Network (ToE) in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, June 2007.
“Paul Görlich and the Pact between Communist Dictatorship and Industrial Science, part of panel entitled “Aufstieg und Höhenflug – ungebrochene Karrieren in wechselnden Diktaturen” German Studies Association meeting, 2006.
“Boldly going where no socialist has gone before: Engineers and industrial scientists in East German popular culture and propaganda” at the Sixth European Social Science History Conference in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2006.
“Wunderwaffen of a Different Kind: Nazi Scientists in East German Industrial Research,” German Studies Association meeting, October 2005.
“Red Prometheus: The Symbolic Function of Feats of Technology in 1960’s East Germany,” Hagley Fellows Conference, “The Spectacle of Technology, Hagley Museum & Library, Wilmington, Delaware, March 2005.
Talk (in German) on Werner Hartmann at the Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung (Center for Contemporary Historical Research) in Potsdam, Germany (March 2004).
“The ‘Great Eastward Trek’: Soviet Captivity and the Formation of an East German Technical Elite,” German Studies Assocation meeting, September 2003.
“The Impact of Two Reunification-Era Debates on the East German Sense of Identity,” Stanford University, February 2003.
“Patrizier, Parvenüs, Professionelle: Die Rekrutierung und Reproduktion der Wirtschaftselite im Zweiten Deutschen Kaiserreich,” September 2002, Prince Albert Society (Prinz-Albert-Gesellschaft), Coburg, Germany.
“The Exchange of Elites in the East and German Reunification,” annual meeting of the American Historical Association, January 2002.
“The Impact of 1968 in East Berlin,” invited talk given before students at Vassar College, November 2000.
“Red Prometheus: The Symbolic Function of Feats of Technology in the 1960’s,” annual meeting of the German Studies Association, October 2000.
“The Socialist ‘Silicon Ceiling’: East German Women in Computer Science,” IEEE 1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society,” Summer 1999.
“The Failed Technocracy: Engineering in the G.D.R., 1971-1989,” annual meeting of the German Studies Association, September 1997.
“Frustrated Technocrats: Engineering in the GDR, invited talk at Center for European Studies of Harvard University, fall 1997.
“Genosse, Technokrat oder Nörgler: Zum Berufsethos des DDR-Ingenieurs in der Ara Honecker,” invited talk at Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung (Center for Contemporary History Research), Potsdam, Germany, summer 1997.
“Berufliches Selbstbild, Arbeitshabitus und Mentalitätsstrukturen von Software-Experten der DDR,” invited talk at Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung (Center for Contemporary History Research), Potsdam, Germany, summer 1997.
“Frustrated Technocrats: GDR Engineers and the Culture of Technology in the Ulbricht Era,” invited talk presented to the Cold War science group, Carnegie Mellon University, 1996.
“Professions and Civil society in the GDR,” annual meeting of the German Studies Association, September 1996.
"Frustrated Technocrats: GDR Engineers in the Ulbricht Era" at the annual meeting of the German Studies Association, 1995.
Commentator of session, "East Germans on Tour and the Meaning of Foreign Travel" (session sponsored by the German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C.) at the annual conference of the German Studies Association, Dallas, Texas, 1994.
"Frustrierte Technokraten. Zur Sozialgeschichte des Ingenieurberufs in der DDR" at a conference on the social history of the GDR, organized by Richard Bessel and Ralf Jessen at the Freie Universität, Berlin, 1994.
"New Perspectives on German Democratic Republic History" at the annual conference of the German Studies Association, 1993.
"Frustrated Technocrats: East German Engineers, 1949-1989" at a workshop in Berlin of the research group "Science under Socialism in East Germany in Comparative Perspective” (funded by the National Science Foundation), 1993.
"Privatization in East Germany" at the New College, USF Conference on Eastern Europe, 1993.
"Privatization in Germany" at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, 1992.
"East German Engineers and the Middle Management in the Honecker Era: A Middle Class?,” as part of panel, "Rethinking Class and Gender in East Germany, 1949-1989," organized by myself, at annual conference of the German Studies Association.
"The Banking Families in Berlin and Vienna, 1880-1914" at the symposium "Cities of Finance," sponsored by the Royal Academy of the Sciences of the Netherlands and held in Amsterdam, 1991.
"The Business Elites of Hamburg and Berlin" annual convention of the American Historical Association, 1990.
Chair and commentator of a session on the relationship between the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie in 19th-century Italy at the Social Science History Association Conference, 1990.
"Bankers in German Society, 1890-1930," at conference held at University of Geneva, Switzerland, 1989.
“Die soziale Stellung der jüdischen Wirtschaftselite im wilhelminischen Berlin,” talk given at conference “Jüdische Unternehmer in Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert,” held at the Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Königswinter, West Germany, April 1989.
"Wealthy Businessmen in Wilhelmine Germany" at the "German Social History Conference," organized by Richard Evans at the University of East Anglia, 1986.
Red Prometheus: Engineering and Dictatorship in East Germany, 1945-1990 (Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 2007).
Patricians and Parvenus: Wealth and High Society in Wilhelmine Germany (Oxford and Providence: Berg Publishers, 1994).
“Wunderwaffen of a Different Kind: Nazi Scientists in East German Industrial Research,” German Studies Review XXIX/3 (October 2006), pp. 581-588.
“Walter Ulbricht,” in Encyclopedia of Modern Dictators, ed. Frank Coppa (New York: Peter Lang, 2006), pp. 320-322.
“ ‘Es sind zwei Welten Gewesen’: Eine Informatikerin in der DDR und in der Bundesrepublik,” in Rüdiger Hohls, Iris Schröder und Hannes Siegrist (eds.): Europa und die Europäer. Quellen und Essays zur modernen europäischen
Geschichte. Festschrift für Hartmut Kaelble zum 65. Geburtstag (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005, pp. 115-120.
“The Impact of Two Reunification-Era Debates on the East German Sense of Identity,” German Studies Review 27 (Fall 2004), pp. 563-578.
“Werner Hartmann und der Aufbau der Mikroelektronikindustrie in der DDR,” Dresdener Beiträge zur Geschichte der Technikwissenschaften 28 (2003), pp. 3-32.
“Patricians, Parvenus, and Professionals: The Recruitment and Reproduction of Economic Elites in Imperial Germany,” in Franz Bosbach, Keith Robbins and Karina Urbach, eds., Geburt oder Leistung? Elitenbildung im deutsch-britischen Vergleich. Birth or Talent? The Formation of Elites in British-German Comparison, Prince Albert Studies, vol. 21 (Munich: K.G. Saur Verlag, 2003), pp. 159-180.
“Berufliches Selbstbild, Arbeitshabitus und Mentalitätsstrukturen von Software-Experten der DDR,” in Peter Hübner, ed., Eliten im Sozialismus. Studien zur Sozialgeschichte der DDR (Cologne and Weimar: Böhlau-Verlag, 1999), pp. 405-433.
“The Socialist ‘Silicon Ceiling’: East German Women in Computer Science,” in 1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society. Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives. Proceedings (IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, 1999), pp.347-355.
“Frustrated Technocrats: Engineers in the Ulbricht Era,” in Kristie Macrakis and Dieter Hoffmann, eds., Science under Socialism. East Germany in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1999), pp. 183-198.
Articles “Bleichröder, Gerson von (1822-93)” “Bourgeoisie (Bürgertum),” "Family," "Fürstenberg, Carl (1850-1933),” “Hamburg,” and “Warburg, Max” by Dieter K. Buse and Juergen C. Doerr, eds., Modern Germany. An Encyclopedia of History, People, and Culture, 1871-1990 (New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1998), pp. 120; 131-132; 297-298; 360-361; 430-432; 1048-1049.
"Zwischen Privilegierung und Entmachtung: Ingenieure in der Ulbricht-Ära," in Dieter Hoffmann and Kristie Macrakis (eds.), Naturwissenschaft und Technik in der DDR (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1997), pp. 173-191.
"The Banking Families in Berlin and Vienna around 1900," in Herman Diederiks and David Reeder (eds.), Cities of Finance (Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1996).
"Frustrierte Technokraten. Zur Sozialgeschichte des Ingenieurberufs in der Ulbricht-Ära," in Ralph Jessen and Richard Bessel (eds.), Die Grenzen der Diktatur. Staat und Gesellschaft in der DDR (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1996), pp. 49-75.
"Die jüdische Wirtschaftselite im wilhelminischen Berlin: Ein jüdisches Patriziat?," in Reinhard Rürup (ed.), Jüdische Geschichte in Berlin. Essays und Studien (Berlin: Edition Hentrich, 1995), pp. 101-116.
"GDR History between Historicization and Structure Analysis," Monatshefte (a publication of the University of Wisconsin at Madison), vol. 85 (1993), pp. 303-312.
"The Banker in German Society," in Youssef Cassis (ed.), Finance and Financiers in European History, 1880-1960 (London: Cambridge University Press, 1991), pp. 161-185.
"The Business Elites of Hamburg and Berlin," Central European History, vol. 24 (1991), pp. 132-146.
"Arriving in the upper class: the wealthy business elite of Wilhelmine Germany," in David Blackbourn and Richard J. Evans (eds.), The German Bourgeoisie (London: Routledge, 1991), pp. 46-86.
"Die soziale Stellung der jüdischen Wirtschaftselite im wilhelminischen Berlin," in Werner E. Mosse and Hans Pohl (eds.), Jüdische Unternehmer in Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (64th special issue of Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte), pp. 225-246.
"Very Wealthy Businessmen in Imperial Germany," Journal of Social History, 22 (1988), pp. 299-321.
"Una ricerca sui plurimilionari nella germania guglielmina," Bollettino di Informazione a Cura del Gruppo di Studio Sulle Borghesie del XX Secolo (Pisa), 4 (1987), pp. 5-6.
Regular contributor of book reviews to German History [Britain], European History Quarterly [Britain], Central European History, American Historical Review, German Studies Review, Social History, Journal of Modern History, Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, Studies in Contemporary Jewry, H-German (an H-Net service)