The Relationship among Sense of Coherence, Coping Strategies, and Interpersonal Patterns in a Non-Clinical Population
Ming-hui Li, The School of Education, Department of Human Services and Counseling
The Salutogeni model suggested sense of coherence (SOC) as a central concept in understanding how individuals cope with stress. Many studies on SOC used clinical samples and concentrated on the impact of SOC on mental health symptoms related to mood disorders and anxiety disorders. There is a paucity of studies on the relationship between the SOC and interpersonal patterns such as anxiety, close, and depend in a non-clinical population.
This study tested a path analytic model that links Sense of Coherence, three coping strategies—problem-solving, social support-seeking, avoidance, and three interpersonal patterns—anxiety, close, depend. Results showed that (1) high SOC individuals tend to feel anxious in interpersonal interactions; however, their tendency to solve problems help reduce anxiety levels and (2) SOC does not seem to make individuals feel emotional close to others and feel comfortable depending on others; whereas, anxiety in high SOC individuals may urge them to take actions to get close to others and to depend on others, and (3) high SOC individuals do not tend to seek social support although this coping strategy can positively influence them to become more willing to depend on others and to find solutions to problems.